University Bible Fellowship of
Bible Search 


Psalm 139:1-139:24
Key Verse: 139:1

Last week we thought about a question “How can a young man keep his way pure?”(Psalm 119:9) The answer was ‘by living according to the words of God’. We are all young men. People who are under 65 are young men. May God help us to apply words of God in our daily life that our way of life may be pure in the sight of God. Today’s passage Psalm 139 is David’s song. David spent a long time being pursued. He had many desperate situations. But God was always with him and God protected him. God’s caring was limitless physically and spiritually. God knew us even before we were born. When we trust in this God we can enjoy the true peace in him.

I. YOU KNOW ME (1-12)

Look at verses 1-4. “O Lord, you have searched me and you know me. You know when I sit and when I rise; you perceive my thoughts from afar. You discern my going out and my lying down; you are familiar with all my ways. Before a word is on my tongue you know it completely, O Lord” “O Lord, you have searched me and you know me.” The word ‘search’ includes somebody’s intention. God checked David every moment willfully. “You know when I sit and when I rise.” Sitting and rising represent all his actions. Every move David made was known to God. ‘you perceive my thoughts from afar’ Here thoughts could be motivations. People misunderstand because they don’t know someone else’s correct motivation. Our good motivations are known to God. ‘You discern my going out and my lying down; you are familiar with all my ways.’ God discerns our way and protects us from the hidden dangers. He rescues us from the enemy’s trap. When Peter was arrested in the book of Acts, God knew he would be executed the next day. So God sent angels and rescued him. Peter himself didn’t know what would happen next day. So he was sleeping peacefully. The angel hit him on the side and woke him up, “Quick, get up!” How gracious is our God who is familiar with all my ways! Weeks ago, Dr. David’s car broke down in the highway. It is dangerous if a car doesn’t function in the highway. But God protected him. His car broke down only 90% that he could exit the highway. Not only God saved his life but also God gave him a brand new car. My sister’s family are here. Usually Pastor Joshua Lee serves the message and what a coincidence that I deliver this message today. Long time ago there was a fire in the middle of night in my hometown house. Everybody got up and ran out of the house in a great shock. In the darkness my mom realized that the baby was missing. Soon they discovered that the nine year old sister was holding the baby. When everyone was running out of the house, she remembered the baby and grabbed him. That baby was me. And the nine year old sister is she. God saved my life through my sister.

“O Lord, you have searched me and you know me.” Actually knowing somebody is not easy. I don’t know my wife well even after thirteen years of marriage. She doesn’t know me either, except my weaknesses. I don’t know even myself completely. Sometimes I rediscover myself and surprise, “Oh what a man!. What a sinful man!”. But our God knows me thoroughly. Because he knows me he can help me in the right way. God knows each of us thoroughly. In this God we can put our hope and entrust our life.

God knows the word in my mouth even before it becomes a voice. God knows us as a mother knows a baby. For example let’s say there is an infant who cannot talk. The baby cannot make words but the mom knows what the baby expresses. Baby Daniela cannot speak. But M. Hannah knows what Daniela wants. She knows if Daniela is hungry or sleepy, or happy with full stomach or uncomfortable with wetness. Likewise God knows our needs even when we are like a helpless baby. Jesus said God knows what we need even before we pray. Let’s come to our God humbly like a baby. Let’s ask God for his mercy and grace acknowledging our helplessness.

Look at verses 5,6 “You hem me in—behind and before; you have laid your hand upon me. Such knowledge is too wonderful for me, too lofty for me to attain.” Here ‘hem me in behind and before’ means surrounding completely. ‘Lay hand upon me’ means complete covering. With mighty hand God surrounds me and covers me on top. This is a perfect shield. The fire arrows of the enemy cannot go through God’s hands. When Abraham was fearful in Genesis God said to him, “Do not be afraid, Abram, I am your shield…” In 2 Kings 6, the king of Aram sent special army to kill Elisha. Elisha’s servant came to him in fear and said, “Oh my lord, what shall we do?” When the servant opened his spiritual eyes he saw the hills full of horses and chariots of fire. God’s angelic armies were there to protect Elisha. God protects us with his complete protection. When a man of God was walking he felt that someone pushing him. So he thought “What’s going on?” because he saw nobody. Right then he saw a vase was falling and crushing on the spot he was standing. Somebody at the high rise condo dropped the flower vase by mistake. If the angel of God did not push him he must have been dead at the spot. Praise God for his angelic protection. Thank God for shielding our life with his mighty hands.

Look at verses 7-10. “Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence? If I go up to the heavens, you are there; if I make my bed in the depths, you are there. If I rise on the wings of the dawn, if I settle on the far side of the sea, even there your hand will guide me, your right hand will hold me fast.” Can we escape to the place where there is no grace of God? Jonah was going against the place where God commanded him to go. But he could not escape God’s presence. God was with him in the ship and even in the big fish’s smelly stomach. Jonah repented in the pains of skin being peeled by acid. He was almost dead. But God was hearing his repentance in the fish belly and accepted his repentance. God is with us even though we go to the high sky or go down to the depths. Even though we ride the fast morning light and go to the other side of the sea God is there. Even though I hide myself in the darkest tent, God is there. God is everywhere we go. In the furnace, in the lion’s den, and in the water or in the fire God is there. In the prison, at the moment of death, after death God is with me. God holds my hand with his right hand and guides me (v10).

At that time ‘the other side of the sea was the far west of the Mediterranean Sea. It was the west edge of the sea which was considered as the farthest place. Many times David’s life situation was like the edge. Once he was hiding in Keilah and Saul sent his army to kill him. David’s life was in danger because that city was fortified. David could make a way out by asking God what to do. The other time he went to Achish, king of Gath and the king tried to kill him. David had to pretend to be insane shedding saliva on his beard and scratching on the door frames. He might feel miserable at such situations. But David confesses. “…even there your hand will guide me, your right hand will hold me fast.” Praise God for his faithful presence in our life.

Look at verses 11,12. “If I say, “Surely the darkness will hide me and the light become night around me,” even the darkness will not be dark to you; the night will shine like the day, for darkness is as light to you.” The original meaning of ‘hide’ is to ‘crush’ or ‘bruise’. David’s life was like an endless dark tunnel. Yet, David confession was that darkness is not dark to God. In God the night will shine like the day. Nobody likes darkness. But there are dark days in our life. But the Bible says “in all things God works for the good of those who love him” (Rm 8:28). There was a man who was expected to have a medal in race in 1992 Barcelona Olympic. But something unexpected happened. Because of the accident millions of people in the world were touched. Before we go to Part II we will take a break and watch a video clip.


Look at verses 13-16. “For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother’s womb. I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are wonderful, I know that full well. My frame was not hidden from you when I was made in the secret place. When I was woven together in the depths of the earth, your eyes saw my unformed body. All the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be.” Those verses are praises toward the creator God who made us. David confesses he was fearfully and wonderfully made. Each of us had been created by God fearfully and wonderfully. Do you believe that you are fearfully and wonderfully made? Let’s say together, “I am fearfully and wonderfully made.” Our Creator God is wonderful God and we are created fearfully and wonderfully by our God. God’s plan to create us was before the creation of the universe. Before the earth was formed God was thinking of us. Isn’t it amazing? God was thinking of Allen before the universe existed. Ephesians 1:4 says, “…he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight…” Praise God for making us wonderful and choosing us in his sovereignty to be his children.

“You knit me together” is an interesting expression. It gives us a picture of God who is arranging our veins and arteries. We were woven together by God. God’s power of making his creation is far beyond of human skills. Think about the marvels of human body. Mysteries of living, eating and breathing, laughing and crying, emotion and motherly love toward children. Life is full of miracles. And God made all of those. One man fainted due to stomach pain which was caused by food poisoning. When he woke up he found his face broken badly bleeding. Yet he praised God for the marvelous function of fainting. The body was made to be fainted when the pain was unbearable. M. Sarah said if DNA of human body is decoded we need seven story amount books to record them.

“Your eyes saw my unformed body’ God’s sovereign superintendence was over the natural process of the development of our embryos. Before my body was shaped to be a human, he was looking toward me. It means that there was God’s plan and purpose before we were born. Apostle Paul confessed in Galatians 1:15 “…God, who set me apart from birth and called me by his grace… ” Paul was a persecutor in the beginning. But he repented at Damascus. When he looked back to his life he realized that his life was planned by God even before he repented.

‘Inmost being’ is an inside being. It could be my weakness or shortcoming. God made even our weakness and everything was special. What is your weakness? God made that weakness very special. We don’t need to blame our parents for our weaknesses. Rather we have to thank God for making us very special not making us all the same.

The process of God’s creation was so propound. God did not make us without thoughts. ‘I was made in the secret place’ means nobody knew about God’s creation. But God made David with his power and for his glory.

“All the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be.” (v16) God planned the journey of my life. God has beautiful and precious plan upon my life. Our life is the process of discovering of this. We like to plan. But after 20 or 30 years we realize that God’s plan has was over my plan. God’s plan is sovereign and perfect.

Verses 19-24 are the expressions of David’s love and passion toward God. He rebukes violent and ungodly people. They are the people who do not acknowledge their own creator God. They misuse the Holy Name of God. David considered them his own enemy. David concludes this psalm with a prayer for God’s leading that he may live a life suitable to the way of eternal God.

In conclusion, we learned that God knows each of us in detail and God cares us deeply. May God help us to have peace in our God and build up personal relationship with HIM. May we also struggle to live up to God’s desire upon our life.

By Peter Moon

UBF headquarters | Chicago UBF | UBF TV | Northwestern UBF | Washington UBF | New York UBF | Europe UBF  | Email Us | Site Admin